Home > UNDERGRADUATE > Careers

Careers

Civil Engineers typically do the following:

  • Analyze survey reports, maps, and other data to plan projects
  • Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning stages and risk analysis
  • Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies verifying that projects comply with various regulations
  • Perform or oversee soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations
  • Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
  • Provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility
  • Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
  • Perform or oversee, surveying operations to establish reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
  • Present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or property descriptions
  • Manage the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure

Quick Facts: Civil Engineers

2012 Median Pay

$79,340 per year 
$38.14 per hour

Entry-Level Education

Bachelor’s degree

Number of Jobs, 2012

272,900

Job Outlook, 2012-22

20% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2012-22

53,700

Environmental Engineers typically do the following:

  • Prepare, review, and update environmental investigation reports
  • Design projects leading to environmental protection, such as water reclamation facilities, air pollution control systems, and operations that convert waste to energy
  • Obtain, update, and maintain plans, permits, and standard operating procedures
  • Provide technical support for environmental remediation projects and for legal actions
  • Analyze scientific data and do quality-control checks
  • Monitor the progress of environmental improvement programs
  • Inspect industrial and municipal facilities and programs to ensure compliance with environmental regulations
  • Advise corporations and government agencies about procedures for cleaning up contaminated sites

Quick Facts: Environmental Engineers

2012 Median Pay

$80,890 per year 
$38.89 per hour

Entry-Level Education

Bachelor’s degree

Number of Jobs, 2012

53,200

Job Outlook, 2012-22

15% (Faster than average)

Employment Change, 2012-22

8,100

Source: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/architecture-and-engineering/civil-engineers.htm